Bicycles are the most common vehicle in collision with a person and there is no safe way to stop a motorcycle from getting out of control.
In a new study published in the Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, researchers from the University of Illinois, the University at Albany and University of Massachusetts-Amherst report that wearing a helmet is the most effective way to reduce the risk of a person getting out and striking a motorcycle.
The study was supported by grants from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
The researchers evaluated the effectiveness of two different motorcycle glove systems.
One involved wearing gloves, which were fitted with small airbags, to protect the wearer against being struck by a motorcycle while wearing a motorcycle helmet.
This approach prevented the person from hitting the motorcycle, but the glove system was only effective in reducing the risk for an impact with the helmet, or for a person to hit the helmet.
The other system involved using a helmet that did not provide adequate protection from impacts.
The glove system provided adequate protection against the impact of a helmet, but this was not enough to prevent the injury.
Both systems were effective in preventing injury to a motorcycle but not to any other vehicle.
This finding shows that helmets are more effective than gloves to protect a person from a motorcycle, and that the gloves provide no protection at all.
The findings suggest that a helmet and gloves can be used together to provide adequate protective gear to protect people from motorcycle and bicycle accidents, said study author Dr. Steven C. Zwiers, assistant professor of emergency medicine and surgical critical care medicine at the University Health System.
The team looked at data from the American Community Survey, which tracks the health and life expectancy of American adults.
The survey asks respondents about their current health, their employment, their family income, their educational attainment, their marital status, their race, and their current or past use of any prescription medication.
The American Community Study is a representative nationally representative sample of the U.S. population.
The helmet study examined the helmet glove effect and the glove impact, using data from 1,400 participants in the U-19 cohort.
The gloves effect was determined by examining data from 2,100 participants in a second cohort.
A helmet-equipped person was defined as a person who had one or more years of motorcycle helmet riding experience and was wearing a full-face helmet at the time of the accident.
The person was the one who was struck by the motorcycle.
In both the helmet and glove studies, the helmet system provided protection against both the impact and the rider.
A person struck by an oncoming motorcycle would need to be able to walk away from the motorcycle without being injured.
In the gloves study, a helmet-clad person could walk away safely without being seriously injured.
“It is a little bit ironic that a study that claims helmets are the only way to protect against motorcycle helmet injuries would be the most important finding in a helmet study, but it turns out that helmets actually do provide protection from a collision,” said Zwier, who is also a professor of trauma and critical care at the Department of Emergency Medicine at the UI and the chief of the Emergency Department for the University Hospitals Cleveland Clinic.
Zwillers and his colleagues conducted the study with Dr. Michael A. Karp, a professor at the Cleveland Clinic and an expert in the development and evaluation of motorcycle glove technology.
The research was supported in part by grants NS094914 and RR077916 from the Department at the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and the Ohio State University’s College of Engineering.
The full study is available at the JCT website.